Friday , May 25 2018
Home / production / How to make soap in Nigeria; complete guide
make soap in nigeria

How to make soap in Nigeria; complete guide

SOAP

Soap is simply a product of the reaction between fat and alkali. The alkali mostly used to make soap is sodium hydroxide. Potassium hydroxide can also be used. Soap is of different forms, they are; powder soap, Liquid soap and solid or bar soap.

Types of soap

  • Toilet soap
  • Beauty soap
  • Laundry soap
  • Herbal soap
  • Medicated soap
  • Soap used for washing plates
  • Soap used for washing hands
  • Soap used for washing Cars

RELATED: how to produce multipurpose liquid

MATERIALS NEEDED TO MAKE SOAP IN NIGERIA

  • Scrapper
  • Nylon
  • Labels
  • Production chemicals
  • Nose protector
  • Water
  • Funnel for liquid soap
  • Plastic bottles for packaging
  • Mould
  • Limos paper or Hydrometer to test acidity
  • Containers
  • Buckets
  • Hand gloves
  • A strong table

PLEASE NOTE: Hydrometer or limos paper is used to test for the acidity of the solution which is normally caused by caustic soda. When green the acidity level is ok, when yellow or white it is neutral, but when it reads red the acidity is very high. You can add soda flakes to increase acidity and industrial salt to reduce acidity.

PROCESS TO MAKE SOAP IN NIGERIA (BAR SOAP) USING COOL METHOD

S/N INGREDIENT QUANTITY FUNCTION
1 Pko 20 liters cleansing and Bubbles
2 Caustic Soda 10 liters Neutralizes Acidic and Materials
3 Sodium silicate ¼ liter Shinning Agent
4 Sodium sulphate Hardener
5 Perfume Attractiveness
6 Colorant

PLEASE NOTE: To make liquid or detergent soap, the rate of PKO to caustic soda is 2:1 that is for every 10 liters of PKO you need % liters of caustic soda. Pay attention to this instruction.

PROCEDURES TO MAKE SOAP IN NIGERIA (BAR SOAP)

  1. Caustic soda is soaked overnight or for a minimum of six hours for fermenting.
  2. Measure out the PKO in a container
  3. Pour the PKO and hardener in another bucket
  4. Pour in the soda solution
  5. Add color of your choice
  6. Add perfume
  7. Add sodium silicate
  8. Pour it into a mold and leave to get solid
  9. Cut and stamp as you please
  10. Always remember to test for acidity using limos paper or hydrometer.

 

HOW TO MAKE SOAP IN NIGERIA (TOILET/MEDICATED SOAP)

S/N INGREDIENT QUANTITY FUNCTION
1 Pko 20 liters cleansing and Bubbles
2 Caustic Soda 10 liters Neutralizes Acidic and Materials
3 Sodium silicate ¼ liter Shinning Agent
4 Sodium sulphate Hardener
5 Perfume Attractiveness
6 Colorant
7 Carbolic acid ⅛ liter Antibacterial agent
8 Phenol ¼ liter Antibacterial agent
9 Pine Oil ¼ liter Scent, cleansing, and disinfection

PROCEDURE

Dissolve the caustic soda as for bar soap and always remember to test for acidity using hydrometer or limos paper.

  1. Add the require quantity of soda solution to PKO using ratio 1:2
  2. Add phenol, pine oil and carbolic acid
  3. Add color and perfume
  4. Add sodium silicate

TO MAKE LIQUID SOAP YOU NEED THE FOLLOWING MATERIALS

  • Water
  • Natrosol – thickener
  • Caustic soda (½) or soda ash (½)- cleansing agent
  • Sulphonic acid – foaming agent and cleansing agent
  • Texapon- foaming agent
  • Sodium silicate
  • Perfume
  • Colorant
  • Formalin- For preservation

PROCEDURES

  1. Mix one kg of natrosol with 20 liters of water and stir
  2. Put caustic soda ½kg or soda ash ½ kg in 1 liter of water separately
  3. Mix 3 liters of sulphonic acid and a liter of Texapon
  4. Mix all solutions together 1, 2 and 3
  5. Add little sodium silicate
  6. Add perfume and color
  7. Stir properly and add formalin

Writing a concrete and custom Business plan can be very challenging and stressful. At informationhive media, we offer the best Business plan writing service that can be used in Nigeria, Africa and in fact all over the world. Contact us today for your custom Business Plan 

Get Notifications From Informationhive Blog

* indicates required

About Tony Ekuri

My name is Tony Ekuri and I am an entrepreneur into value chain distribution believe me or not, having control over your finances is the best and sustainable way to create and grow wealth.

Check Also

search engine optimization service

Search Engine Optimization Service

Our Search Engine Optimization service is necessary for every business that what to have an …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

%d bloggers like this: